As many of you have noticed, the House of Commons Library recently published a Report on Public Libraries. It updated a similar report published in 2011. The Libraries Taskforce team and DCMS libraries policy team would like to confirm that we were neither asked to contribute or comment on this report and had no notice of it pre-publication.
We are aware that there has been a lot of comment on the Report regarding statistics. In particular, there is one example where data has been taken out of context from a Parliamentary Question: "To ask the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport, how many public libraries have (a) closed and (b) opened in England since May 2010; and how many libraries which were previously run by professionally-qualified staff are now run by volunteers."
The Report says (with no citation) : “The DCMS has said that it does not “commission specific information” on how many have closed. However, it has estimated that 110 static public libraries closed in England between January 2010 and January 2016 while at least 77 new public libraries had opened.” The Department’s full response as published was: “While the Department for Culture, Media and Sport does not commission specific information relating to the closure or opening of public libraries, or of libraries run entirely by volunteers, the Department does monitor closely proposed changes to library service provision throughout England. Based on desk research undertaken by the Department, we estimate that from January 2010 to January 2016 approximately 110 static public libraries in England closed and at least 77 new public libraries have opened, including relocations to new buildings.”
There has been criticism that the answer didn’t draw on CIPFA data. However, the answer was prepared in that way as CIPFA data wasn’t available to answer the question fully. The historical CIPFA data provides information about the net numbers of library service points recorded by library authorities as being within the statutory library service and does not, for example, set out details about the number of public libraries in statutory library services in England that have closed since 2010.
When CIPFA figures are available and relevant to answer the specific question, the Department does use them in its response. For example, in dealing with a Parliamentary Question that had asked directly about library closures in Wiltshire: "To ask the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport, how many (a) rural and (b) urban public libraries have closed in (i) Wiltshire and (ii) England in each year since 2000". The Department’s full response as published in was: “The Department does not commission information relating to the closure of rural and urban libraries. Data relating to public libraries is collected and published annually by the Chartered Institute of Public Finance and Accountancy. My Rt Hon Friend will note that the number of library service points in the Wilshire [sic] Library Authority has increased from 34 in 2000, to 36 in 2015. Meanwhile, in Labour-run Wales, the number of library service points in the same period dropped from 321 to 274.” The reply then included a table containing CIPFA statistics covering 2000-2015.
Data about public libraries is complex as context is important. Data sets, for example, may include figures for the whole of the UK, they may include mobile libraries, and there is ongoing debate about how to categorise the different models of community supported or community run libraries. The Libraries Taskforce held a workshop at the end of 2015 which brought together many people from across the sector who have an interest in library data, to look at what was available, its strengths and weaknesses, and what would be helpful in supporting people making decisions about their services. We will talk more soon about what is being done to explore some of these ideas further.